So far, the Nobel Prize has been awarded to six IBMers:
1990 – Harry Markowitz (with Merton H. Miller and William F. Sharpe)
For theories on evaluating stock-market risk and reward and on valuing corporate stocks and bonds.
1987 – J. Georg Bednorz and K. Alex Müller
For their discovery of high-temperature superconductivity in a new class of materials. They discovered that a particular class of oxides can conduct electricity without resistance at temperatures significantly higher than previously achieved.
1986 – Gerd K. Binnig and Heinrich Rohrer
For their invention of the Scanning Tunneling Microscope, which could provide atomic resolution images of surfaces.
1973 – Leo Esaki
For his invention of the electron tunneling effect in semiconductors. Esaki was the co-inventor of semiconductor superlattices and explored the extraordinary properties of these engineered quantum structures.
Find more IBM awards here.